Current Affairs

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Nobel Prize
Physics
James Peebles
Michel Mayor
Didier Queloz
Chemistry
John B. Goodenough
M. Stanley Whittingham 
Akira Yoshino
Medicine
William G. Kaelin
Peter J. Ratcliffe
Gregg L. Semenza
Literature
Olga Tokarczuk (2018)
Peter Handke (2019)
Peace
Abiy Ahmed Ali

Nobel Prize in Physics - The Nobel Assembly has announced the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics. The prize will be awarded to James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz. James Peebles was honoured for his contributions to the understanding of the evolution of the Universe and Earth’s place in the cosmos. Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz were awarded the prize for finding 51 Pegasi b, a gas giant orbiting a star 50 light-years away.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry - The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2019. The prize will be awarded jointly to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino. They have been nominated for the prize for the development of lithium-ion batteries.
Nobel Prize in Medicine - The Nobel Assembly has announced the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at Karolinska Institutet. The prize will be awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza. They have been nominated for the prize for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.
Nobel Prizes in Literature - The Nobel Prizes in Literature 2018 and 2019 were announced at The Swedish Academy in Stockholm. Both winners will receive a cash prize of 9-million kronor ($918,000). The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2018 is awarded to the Polish author Olga Tokarczuk. The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2019 is awarded to the Austrian author Peter Handke.
Nobel Peace Prize - The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2019 to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali. He has been awarded for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation. He will receive a full cash prize of 9-million kronor ($918,000).
Monetary Policy - In its 4th Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Committee meeting, the Reserve Bank of India has reduced the policy repo rate by 25 basis points (bps). RBI has also reduced the real GDP growth for 2019-20 from 6.9% to 6.1%. New rates are -
Repo rate – 5.15% (Decreased 0.25%)
Reverse Repo – 4.9% (Decreased 0.25%)
Cash Reserve Ratio – 4% (Unchanged)
Statutory Liquidity Ratio – 18.75% (Unchanged)
Bank Rate – 5.4% (Decreased 0.25%)
Marginal Standing Facility – 5.4% (Decreased 0.25%)
Rafale Fighter Jet - India has got the 1st Rafale fighter jetRB-001” built for the Indian Air Force (IAF) in France. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh received the 1st Rafale combat jet aircraft at Production Unit of Dassault Aviation in France. However, the first batch of jets will arrive in India only in May 2020. Defence Minister also held the Annual Defence dialogue with his French counterpart Florence Parly.
Forbes India Rich List - The business magazine Forbes has released “The Forbes India Rich List 2019” which has been topped by Reliance Industries chairman Mukesh Ambani with net worth of $51.4 billion. Industrialist Gautam Adani jumped 8 spots on the list to become the 2nd richest Indian with net worth of $15.7 billion.
India-China Informal Summit - The 2nd “India-China Informal Summit” between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and China’s President Xi Jinping begins at Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu. The 1st summit took place in Wuhan in the wake of the Doklam crisis in April, 2018.
Antonio Costa - Antonio Costa has been re-elected as the Prime Minister of Portugal.
Spirit Of Kerala - Short film from Kerala “Spirit Of Kerala” has won the People’s Choice Award at the recently concluded My Rode Reel film competition.
Global Competitiveness Index - World Economic Forum has released the Global Competitiveness Index report. As per the WEF’s released report, India has moved down 10 places to rank 68th on an annual global competitiveness index which was topped by Singapore.
Ramesh Pandey - Indian Forest Service officer Ramesh Pandey has been selected for the prestigious Asia Environmental Enforcement Award by the United Nations Environment Programme.
CORPAT - The 2nd edition of Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) of the navies of India and Bangladesh has begun in Northern Bay of Bengal.
The Order of the Green Crescent - Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu has signed an MoU with the island nation Comoros. India will extend over $60 mn line of credit to Comoros. The Vice President was also conferred ‘The Order of the Green Crescent’, the highest Civilian Honour of Comoros, by Azali Assoumani, President of Comoros in Moroni.
World Migratory Bird Day - World Migratory Bird Day is observed on 12 October every year. Theme for 2019: Protect Birds: Be the Solution to Plastic Pollution!
India Sports Summit - Minister of State for Youth and Sports Kiren Rijiju inagurated 1st India Sports Summit 2019 in New Delhi.
India and Mauritius - Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Mauritius PM Pravind Jugnauth jointly inaugurated 2 landmark projects in Mauritius via video conference. The 2 projects includes the phase-1 of the Metro Express and a new ENT Hospital. The Indian Government has granted $275 million for the Metro Express project and a grant of $14 million for the new Hospital Project.
Delhi-Lucknow Tejas Express - Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath flagged off country’s first private train Delhi-Lucknow Tejas Express started its maiden journey from Lucknow. It will be the first train of Indian Railways that will be entirely run by Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC). Passengers of IRCTC’s Delhi-Lucknow Tejas Express will be compensated in case of delays, the Railway subsidiary, announcing a first of its kind offer from any national carrier. An amount of Rs 100 will be paid in case the delay is for over an hour and Rs 250 for delays of over two hours. This latest offer is in addition to the Rs 25 lakh free insurance that will be given to passengers of the train.
Amrit Lugun - The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) of India was appointed Amrit Lugun as the next Ambassador of India to Greece.
Sushil Chandra Mishra - Oil India Limited has appointed Sushil Chandra Mishra as the new Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the company.
World Parliament of Science, Religion and Philosophy - The three-day event 5th World Parliament of Science, Religion and Philosophy will be held at the MIT World Peace University in Pune, Maharashtra. The theme of the programme this year is ‘role of science, religion and philosophy for world peace and well-being of mankind’.
Country’s First E-Waste Clinic - The Bhopal Municipal Corporation (BMC) and the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) have joined hands to set up the country’s first e-waste clinic in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. The electronic waste will be collected door-to-door or can be deposited directly at the clinic in exchange for a fee.
Yalitza Aparicio - The Director-General of UNESCO, Audrey Azoulay, has named Mexican actress Yalitza Aparicio as a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for Indigenous Peoples. TIME magazine (USA) listed her as one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2019.
Nomadic Elephant-XIV - 14th edition of Indo – Mongolian joint military training, Exercise Nomadic Elephant-XIV started. The exercise will be conducted from 05 to 18 Oct 19 at Bakloh, Himachal Pradesh.
Green Firecrackers - Union Health Minister, Dr Harsh Vardhan has launched eco-friendly green firecrackers which have been manufactured in India. Environment-friendly fireworks have been developed by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) labs and manufactured by licensee-manufacturers. A green logo as well as a Quick Response (QR) coding system has been developed for differentiation of green crackers from conventional crackers.
Eat Right Movement - Health Minister Harsh Vardhan launched the ‘trans-fat-free’ logo, which can be voluntarily used by food business operators in their outlets and also on food products. The logo was launched to boost the ‘Eat Right Movement’ of FSSAI. He also released a slogan ‘Chefs 4 Trans Fat-Free’ at the event.
Youth Co:Lab - Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) India jointly launched Youth Co:Lab. Through Youth Co:Lab, young entrepreneurs and innovators will get a chance to connect with governments, mentors, incubators and investors.
NHA signed Agreement with Google - National Health Authority signed a Statement of Intent (SoI) with Google to collaborate and strengthen the implementation of Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY).
Books on Gandhi - A new book titled “150 Years of Celebrating the Mahatma the South African Legacy”, by Fakir Hassen launched in Johannesburg, South Africa. This book released on the occasion of Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th birth anniversary.
International Teachers’ Days - World Teachers’ Day or International Teachers’ Days is celebrated on October 5. This year’s theme: ‘Young Teachers: The future of the Profession’.
Moody’s Forecast - Moody, the rating agency has lowered its 2019-20 GDP growth forecast for India to 5.8% from 6.2%.
International Day of the Girl Child - The United Nations observes International Day of the Girl Child on 11th of October every year. The theme for 2019: GirlForce: Unscripted and Unstoppable.
State Power Ministers Conference - Gujarat will host the State Power Ministers’ Conference. It will take place at Kevadia, on the banks of Narmada river.
Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership - The 9th Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) Intersessional Ministerial Meeting will be held in Bangkok, Thailand. Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal will represent India in the meeting.
India Carpet Expo - The 38th India Carpet Expo will be held in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The expo will be organized by the Carpet Export Promotion Council (CEPC).
Merger of Indiabulls Housing Finance and Lakshmi Vilas Bank - Reserve Bank of India has rejected the merger proposal of Indiabulls Housing Finance and Lakshmi Vilas Bank.
Consumer Confidence Survey - The Reserve Bank of India has released the results of the September 2019 round of its Consumer Confidence Survey. The survey was conducted in 13 major cities.
Merger of Cooperative Bank - Reserve Bank of India has given the go-ahead to the Kerala government to amalgamate 13 district cooperative banks (DCBs) with the Kerala State Cooperative Bank to form the proposed “Kerala Bank”.
World Mental Health Day - World Health Organization observes World Mental Health Day on 10th of October every year. The theme selected for this year’s Day: Suicide Prevention.
World Space Week - The United Nations (Office for Outer Space Affairs) observes 4-10 October every year as World Space Week. The theme for 2019 is: The Moon: Gateway to the Stars.
New Moons of Saturn - A team of astronomers has discovered a haul of 20 new moons orbiting the ringed planet, Saturn. This discovery has brought its total to 82 moons, while Jupiter, by contrast, has 79 natural satellites.
Air Force Day - Air Force Day is celebrated every year by the Indian Air Force on 8th of October
World Habitat Day - United Nations designated the first Monday of October of every year as World Habitat Day. Theme for 2019: Frontier Technologies as an innovative tool to transform waste to wealth.
World Post Day - United Nations celebrates World Post Day every year on 9 October