Important Current Affairs

current Affairs
Nober Prize in Economics
Nober Prize in Economics - The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Economics 2019. The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2019 was awarded jointly to Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.” Indian-born Abhijit Banerjee is an American citizen while Esther Duflo is French-American. He is a Professor of Economics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the US.
Complete List of Nobel Prize - 

Nobel Prize
Physics
James Peebles
Michel Mayor
Didier Queloz
Chemistry
John B. Goodenough
M. Stanley Whittingham 
Akira Yoshino
Medicine
William G. Kaelin
Peter J. Ratcliffe
Gregg L. Semenza
Economics
Abhijit Banerjee
Esther Duflo
Michael Kremer
Literature
Olga Tokarczuk (2018)
Peter Handke (2019)
Peace
Abiy Ahmed Ali
Booker Prize - Margaret Atwood and Bernardine Evaristo have jointly won the 2019 Booker Prize. The Booker rules say the prize must not be divided, but the judges insisted they could not separate Atwood’s – ‘The Testament’ and ‘Girl, Woman, Other’ by Evaristo.
Kais Saied - Kais Saied is elected as the new President of Tunisia.
Alexei Leonov - Alexei Leonov, the first human to walk in space passed away. He was the legendary Soviet cosmonaut who became the first human to walk in space 54 years ago. During this mission, on 18 March 1965, Leonov exited the spacecraft and walked for 12 minutes and 9 seconds.
Christine Lagarde - European Union leaders confirmed the appointment of Christine Lagarde as the new chief of the European Central Bank.
Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration - The 31st Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration for the years 2017 and 2018 will be awarded to the pioneer of the Chipko Movement Chandi Prasad Bhatt for his services in promoting and preserving the national integration. He is a Ramon Magsaysay award recipient for the year 1982. He was also awarded Padma Shri in 1986, the Padma Bhushan in 2005 and the Gandhi Peace prize in 2013.
Moody downgraded GDP Growth - Moody, the rating agency has lowered its 2019-20 GDP growth forecast for India to 5.8% from 6.2%.
National Kishore Kumar Samman - Noted director and producer Priyadarshan was conferred the Madhya Pradesh government’s National Kishore Kumar Samman for 2018-19 in Khandwa, MP.
Global Hunger Index - As per Global Hunger Index - 2019, India ranks 102nd out of 117 qualifying countries, with a score of 30.3. Seventeen countries, including Belarus, Ukraine, Turkey, Cuba and Kuwait, shared the top rank with GHI scores less than 5.
World Bank and IMF Report - World Bank-International Monetary Fund (IMF) annual meetings kicked off on a somber note, with the IMF downgrading global growth in 2019 to 3%, the slowest since the global financial crisis. India’s growth projections have also been downgraded to 6.1% and 7.0% in 2019 and 2020.
Zimbabwe and Nepal Admitted in ICC - Zimbabwe and Nepal were re-admitted as ICC members in a meeting held in Dubai. Zimbabwe Cricket had been suspended from membership of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with immediate effect in July this year. Nepal had been banned in 2016 for “governmental interference” as well.
Dr Shyama Prasad Mukherjee - India’s longest Tunnel Chenani- Nashri on NH 44, in Jammu and Kashmir will be named after Bhartiya Jansangh Founder Dr Shyama Prasad Mukherjee. 9.2 km long tunnel reduces the distance between Jammu and Srinagar by 31 km.
University of Artificial Intelligence - UAE announced the establishment of the Mohamed bin Zayed University of Artificial Intelligence ( MBZUAI) in Abu Dhabi. The University is named after Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi.
One Nation One Tag – FASTag - Union Road Transport & Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari inaugurated a conference on ‘One Nation One Tag – FASTag’ in New Delhi to roll out the process for having a unified electronic system across the country.
Mi-24V helicopters - India handed over the second pair of Mi-24V helicopters to war-torn Afghanistan, boosting the capability of the Afghan Air forces.
Typhoon Hagibis - Typhoon Hagibis strikes Tokyo, capital of Japan after fierce rain and wind paralysed the capital. “Hagibis” means “speed” in the Philippine language Tagalog.
M C Mary Kom - M C Mary Kom has won the bronze medal in the 51kg event of World Women’s Boxing Championships held in Ulan-UdeRussia.
Modi Become Most Followed Leader - Prime Minister Narendra Modi has become the most-followed elected world leader on Instagram. He is ahead of US President Donald Trump, Indonesian President Joko Widodo and former president Barack Obama with 30 million followers.
Indian Railways - Net-Zero Carbon Emitter - Indian Railways (IR) has announced that it will become a net-zero carbon emitter by 2030. Indian railways is the world’s largest railway network.
KHON  Ramlila - The Culture Department of Uttar Pradesh government is going to organise the country’s first training and performance programme of world-famous KHON  Ramlila, a masked form of Ramlila art of Thailand in collaboration with the Thai government. KHON Ramlila of Thailand is included in the list of UNESCO’s Intangible cultural heritage.
Kishan Dan Dewal - Kishan Dan Dewal has been concurrently accredited as the next Ambassador of India to Georgia.
Vikas Varma - Mastercard India, payment technology major, elevated Vikas Varma as the Chief Operating Officer (COO) of the firm.
Dharma Guardian-2019 - The 2nd joint military exercise ‘Dharma Guardian-2019’ to promote military cooperation between India and Japan will be held in Mizoram from 19 Oct to 02 Nov 2019.
Vajra Prahar 2019 - The 10th edition of the joint military exercise ‘Vajra Prahar 2019’ between India and the US will be held in Seattle, US. ‘Vajra Prahar’ is a Special Forces joint training exercise conducted alternately in India and the US.
Manju Rani - Manju Rani settled for silver medal in World Women’s Boxing Championships at Ulan-Ude in Russia.
Bill Gates’ New Books - The founder of Microsoft Corporation and American philanthropist Bill Gates’ new book titled “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need” will be released on June 2020.
India Innovation Index - NITI Aayog with Institute for Competitiveness as the knowledge partner released the India Innovation Index (III) 2019. Karnataka is the most innovative major state in India. Sikkim and Delhi take the top spots among the northeastern and union territories.
Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Marg - Union Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari has announced the naming of new National Highway No. 703AA as “Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Marg.” The road starting from Kapurthala connecting Goindwal Sahib and terminating near Taran Taran in Punjab. The decision has been taken to mark the 550th Birth Anniversary of Shri Guru Nanak Dev.
Sajjan Jindal - The World Steel Association (Worldsteel) has elected Sajjan Jindal, Chairman and Managing Director, JSW Steel, as Vice-Chairman of the association for one year.
Shinyuu Maitri Exercise - Indian Air Force and Japanese Air Self Defence Force (JASDF) carrying out a joint military air force exercise named ‘Shinyuu Maitri’ began from October 17 to 23 in Panagarh town, West Bengal.
EX EASTERN BRIDGE-V - Indian Air Force (IAF) kickstarted its bilateral joint exercise with Royal Air Force Oman (RAFO), named ‘EX EASTERN BRIDGE-V’ at Air Force Base Masirah, Oman.
All-Female Spacewalk - Nasa astronauts Christina Koch and Jessica Meir have made history by completing the first-ever all-female spacewalk. They spent 7 hours outside the International Space Station (ISS) replacing a failed power control unit.
Anup Kumar Singh - IPS officer of Gujarat cadre Anup Kumar Singh has been appointed as Director-General of the National Security Guard (NSG). NSG is also known as black cats commando.
Interpol General Assembly - India will host the 91st Interpol General Assembly in 2022.
Book by Viswanathan Anand - Indian Chess player, Viswanathan Anand has penned a book titled “Mind Master: Winning Lessons from a Champion’s Life”.
Defence of Andaman & Nicobar Islands - Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC) has conducted the 2nd edition of Defence of Andaman & Nicobar Islands 2019 (DANX-19). The components of the Indian Army, Navy, Air Force and Coast Guard carried out mobilisation and field manoeuvres.
Birth Anniversary of APJ Kalam - The nation pays homage to former President Dr A P J Abdul Kalam on his 88th birth anniversary. The birthday of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam is celebrated as World Students Day. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931, at Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu.
International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction - United Nations observes International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction on 13 October every year. Theme for 2019: Reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services.
Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare Dr Harsh Vardhan has launched the Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan (SUMAN) initiative in New Delhi. The initiative was launched during the 13th Conference of Central Council of Health and Family Welfare.
Eliud Kipchoge - Kenya’s Eliud Kipchoge has become the 1st athlete to run sub 2-hour marathon. He finished the marathon with an unofficial time of 1 hr 59 min 40.2 sec.
Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav - 10th edition of the Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav-National Cultural Festival is being organized by the Union Ministry of Culture from 14th to 21st of October under the ‘Ek Bharat, Shreshtha Bharat’ campaign in Madhya Pradesh.
Sabse Pehle Life Insurance - Life Insurance Council has decided to launch the Indian life insurance industry’s first joint mass media campaign with the slogan ‘Sabse Pehle Life Insurance’.
K Satish Reddy - K Satish Reddy, Chairman of Dr Reddy’s has been appointed as President of the Indian Pharmaceutical Alliance for 2019-2021.
World Standards Day - World Standards Day is celebrated internationally each year on 14 October. 2019 theme: Video standards create a global stage.
FD Health - ICICI Bank has launched a fixed deposit scheme called FD Health, that comes with an in-built critical insurance policy. The FD Health – Critical illness Cover will be provided to only the primary holder of the FD account.
International Day of Rural Women - The International Day of Rural Women is observed on 15th October. This year’s theme is “Rural Women and Girls Building Climate Resilience”.
World Food Day - World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations in 1945. The theme for WFD 2019 is “Our Actions Are Our Future”.
Shirui Lily Festival - Shirui Lily Festival - 2019 was inagurated in Manipur.
Team Cashless India - Mastercard, along with cricketer Mahendra Singh Dhoni, launched a nationwide initiative  ‘Team Cashless India’ to accelerate the acceptance and adoption of digital payments.
Mobile Banking for Post Office Saving Accouts - The Department of Post announced that it has launched mobile banking for its savings account customers. The facility will be available all the post office savings account holders of the CBS (core banking solutions) post offices.
International Day for the Eradication of Poverty - United Nations International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed on October 17. 2019 Theme: Acting Together to Empower Children, their Families and Communities to End Poverty.
Livestock Census - The Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying released the 20th Livestock Census -2019. India’s livestock population has increased to over 535.78 million showing an increase of 4.6 per cent over Livestock Census-2012. Among the States, Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of livestock followed by Rajasthan.